DACS is a light-weight single sign-on and rule-based access control system for web servers and server-based software. DACS makes secure resource sharing and remote access via the web easier, safer, and more efficient. DACS is particularly well suited to providing single sign-on across organizational or departmental web servers, and to limiting access to their web-based resources.
DACS is also an authentication and cryptographic toolkit, providing standard and state-of-the-art functionality.
Released under an open source license, DACS gives you:
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DACS works with virtually any authentication method and unifies an assortment of accounts into a single identity. You can leverage the user accounts and authentication methods that you already use, or introduce new ones easily. Out of the box, DACS lets users authenticate using: DACS username/password, X.509 client certificate, self-issued or managed Information Card, one-time password, Unix account, Apache password files, Windows NTLM, ADS/LDAP, CAS, HTTP, PAM, Basic or Digest Auth, special URLs, two-factor authentication, expressions, and more.
Our highest priority is for DACS to remain a secure, stable, and well-documented system.
Once a user has signed on through DACS, he will be recognized throughout a federation of web servers.
While it shares many of the advantages of other single sign-on systems, DACS offers some unique features and is more efficient, and simpler to understand, customize, and administer compared to the heavy-weight, enterprise-level alternatives. If your single sign-on needs are modest, or if you are not even certain what they are, you should look at DACS. DACS does the hardest parts for you - all that you need to do is configuration and "look & feel" customizations.
DSS is pleased to announce the release of DACS 1.4.41. General download information, links to the latest tarfiles, and details about the latest release are provided. It is important to review the Post-Release Notes before building DACS. All sites are encouraged to upgrade.
Apache 2.4.37 (with APR 1.6.5 and APR-util 1.6.1) has been released. Preliminary testing indicates that it can be used with DACS 1.4.41.
The Apache HTTP Server Project has discontinued all development and patch review of the 2.2.x series of releases. The final release, 2.2.34, was published in July 2017. No further evaluation of security risks will be published for 2.2.x releases. Because of this, DACS 1.4.40 is the final release to officially support and be tested with the Apache 2.2 series.
OpenSSL 1.0.2p, which includes security and bug fixes, has been released. Two "low severity" security issues have been announced [CVE-2018-0735, CVE-2018-0734]. .
System admins should be aware of CVE-2017-3737, CVE-2017-3736, CVE-2017-9798, and CVE-2017-1000364 (and related security vulnerabilities) that are not directly related to DACS but may affect its platforms. CVE-2017-7494, a Samba security vulnerability, should not affect DACS. DACS can use Samba for optional authentication functionality but never in a server capacity. On 7-Dec-2017, users of OpenSSL 1.0.2 were advised to upgrade to 1.0.2n. OpenSSL versions 1.0.2m, 1.0.2k, and 1.1.0d address earlier security defects (CVE-2017-373[0-6]).
OpenSSL 1.1.0 reorganizes code and changes APIs, which currently prevents a successful DACS build:
OpenSSL 1.1.0 hides a number of structures that were previously open. This includes all internal libssl structures and a number of EVP types. Accessor functions have been added to allow controlled access to the structures' data.We have been unable to build OpenLDAP 2.4.44 with OpenSSL 1.1.0.
This means that some software needs to be rewritten to adapt to the new ways of doing things. This often amounts to allocating an instance of a structure explicitly where you could previously allocate them on the stack as automatic variables, and using the provided accessor functions where you would previously access a structure's field directly.
Some APIs have changed as well. However, older APIs have been preserved when possible.
Support for OpenSSL 1.0.0 and 0.9.8 releases ended on 31-Dec-2015 and no security updates for those releases will be provided. The latest stable version is the 1.0.2 series of releases, with support provided until 31-Dec-2019. All support for OpenSSL 1.0.1 has been officially discontinued.
Since DACS and other web-based systems may use HTTP cookies for a variety of purposes, administrators should review CERT Vulnerability Note VU#804060 (24-Sep-2015). When deployed as recommended, all communication involving DACS-protected resources must be conducted over SSL/TLS connections, including those that send or return HTTP cookies.
In early 2011, Microsoft announced that it would not support CardSpace (aka, Infocards and Information Cards) starting with Windows 8. CardSpace has been the most widely available identity selector for using Information Cards. The implementation of Infocards support within DACS remains in the code base and is documented, but is no longer being actively tested and maintained (neither are the demos). Support for Information Cards within DACS will likely be removed eventually. You may find that other Infocard and CardSpace related projects have been terminated and their web pages are out of date or no longer available. See: On the Demise of CardSpace // Open Cardspace opportunity // Personal Reflections on the CardSpace Journey // From CardSpace to Verified Claims // Change will come: the present is untenable // The Clay Feet of Giants? // RIP, Windows CardSpace. Hello, U-Prove // U-Prove.
A draft of a paper that describes some recent work, Time-Gated Mutual Authentication: System Architecture is now available and is occasionally revised.
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